Event Handlers

Certain actions in Plesk, such as:

  • Creating a customer account
  • Removing an IP address
  • Updating the hosting settings of a domain, and many others

are recognized by Plesk as events. For every event, you can create one or more event handlers that execute a predetermined command every time the event occurs.

Event handlers are useful if you want a certain action or a set of actions to be carried out every time a specific event occurs. For example, you can create an event handler that triggers every time a subscription is created and configure it to automatically create a mailbox, send a request to an external service, and so on.

Next in this section:

Adding Event Handlers

Passing Event Parameters

Editing and Removing Event Handlers

Event Parameters Passed by Event Handlers

 

Adding Event Handlers

  1. Go to Tools & Settings > Event Manager.
  2. Click Add Event Handler.
  3. Select the event that will trigger the handler from the "Event" list.
  4. Under "Priority", set the handler execution priority by selecting it from the list or typing a custom number in the field. Priority becomes important if you assign several handlers to a single event. In this case, handlers are triggered according to their priority in descending order (the event triggers the handler with the highest priority first, the handler with the second highest priority next, and so on).
  5. Select the system user on whose behalf the handler will be executed from the "User" list.

    Note (Plesk for Linux): The server administrator can create the event handlers that will be run on the server on behalf of user root. If you wish to restrict usage of the root account, create an empty file with name root.event_handler.lock in the location /usr/local/psa/var/.

  6. Type the path to the shell script or a .bat file containing the commands to be executed whenever the event handler triggers in the "Command" field (for example, /usr/local/psa/bin/script.sh or C:\Windows\Temp\script.bat).
  7. Click OK.
 

Passing Event Parameters

Whenever an event handler triggers, it passes certain data ("Event Parameters") associated with the event (which data are passed depends on the event handler in question). For example, the "Domain created" event handler passes the following parameters:

  • The name of the newly created domain.
  • The GUID of the newly created domain.
  • The GUID of the customer account owning the newly created domain.

Each parameter is passed as an environment variable that you can use in your shell script or .bat file as follows:

Plesk for Linux

Use the placeholder ${ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE_NAME} (for example, "${NEW_DOMAIN_NAME}") in your shell script. When the event handler triggers, the placeholder will be replaced by the value corresponding to the event.

Plesk for Windows

Use the placeholder %N (for example, "%1") in your bat file, and append the name of the desired environment variable in the corresponding position at the end of the command in the event handler settings. In the following example

2

the placeholder "%1" will be replaced with the value of the "NEW_DOMAIN_NAME" environment variable, and the "%2" will be replaced with the value of "NEW_DOMAIN_GUID". If you use "%3" in the .bat file, it will not be replaced with anything, as only two environment variable names were specified after the command.

You can see the complete list of event parameters and associated environment variable names for each event handler here.

For reference, here are two examples of scripts for the ‘Customer account created’ event:

  • (Plesk for Linux) test-handler.sh

    #!/bin/bash

    echo "--------------" >> /tmp/event_handler.log

    /bin/date >> /tmp/event_handler.log # information on the event date and time

    /usr/bin/id >> /tmp/event_handler.log # information on the user, on behalf of which the script was executed (to ensure control)

    echo "customer created" >> /tmp/event_handler.log # information on the created customer account

    echo "name: ${NEW_CONTACT_NAME}" >> /tmp/event_handler.log # customer's name

    echo "login: ${NEW_LOGIN_NAME}" >> /tmp/event_handler.log # customer's username in Plesk

    echo "--------------" >> /tmp/event_handler.log

  • (Plesk for Windows) test-handler.bat

    echo "--------------" >> c:\windows\temp\event_handler.log

    rem information on the event date and time

    date /T >> c:\windows\temp\event_handler.log

    rem information on the created customer account

    echo "customer created" >> c:\windows\temp\event_handler.log

    rem customer's name

    echo "name: %1" >> c:\windows\temp\event_handler.log

    rem customer's username in Plesk

    echo "login: %2" >> c:\windows\temp\event_handler.log

    echo "--------------" >> c:\windows\temp\event_handler.log

If you log in to Plesk and create a customer account with the name "John Doe" and login “john_doe”, the event handler will trigger and the following records will be added to the event_handler.log file:

  • (Plesk for Linux)

    Fri Mar 16 15:57:25 NOVT 2007

    uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)

    customer created

    name: John Doe

    login: john_doe

  • (Plesk for Windows)

    Mon March 15 21:46:34 NOVT 2010

    customer created

    name: John Doe

    login: john_doe

 

Editing and Removing Event Handlers

To see the list of currently active event handlers, go to Tools & Settings > Event Manager. Here, you can also edit and remove event handlers:

  • To edit an event handler, click its name, make the desired changes, and click OK.
  • To remove an event handler, select the corresponding checkbox and click Remove.
 

Leave your feedback on this topic here

If you have questions or need support, please visit the Plesk forum or contact your hosting provider.
The comments below are for feedback on the documentation only. No timely answers or help will be provided.