In the Plesk interface, you and your customers can fine-tune the PHP settings for individual service plans, add-on plans, subscriptions, websites, and subdomains. One can change the values of some of the most frequently used PHP parameters by selecting the desired value from a list or specifying a custom value. By editing the panel.ini file, you can make the following changes to this scenario:

  • Determine what predefined values a PHP parameter can take.
  • Change the default value for a PHP parameter.
  • Forbid specifying custom values for PHP parameters.

Determining what predefined values a PHP parameter can take

For most PHP parameters, one can select a single value from a list of predefined values. You can create a custom list of predefined values a PHP parameter can take by adding one or more lines following the pattern below to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.<parameter_group>.<parameter_name>.values[]=<value>

where

  • <parameter_group> is the group the chosen PHP parameter belongs to. For more information about the groups of PHP parameters, read “PHP parameters and parameter groups” below.
  • <parameter_name> is the name of the chosen PHP parameter. Use the same syntax as in php.ini.
  • <value> is the predefined value of the parameter you want to add to the list. Use the same syntax as in php.ini.

You need to add one line for every predefined value you want to appear on the list.

For example, by default, the memory_limit parameter can take one of the following values: 8M, 16M, 32M, 64M, and 128M. If you want to restrict the choice to 64M and 128M only, add the following lines to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.performance.memory_limit.values[]="64M"
settings.performance.memory_limit.values[]="128M"

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Changing the default value for a PHP parameter

For most PHP parameters, a single value from the list of predefined values is marked as the default one. The default value is in effect until a user manually selects a different value. You can change the default value for a PHP parameter by adding a line following the pattern below to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.<parameter_group>.<parameter_name>.default=<value>

where

  • <parameter_group> is the group the chosen PHP parameter belongs to. For more information about the groups of PHP parameters, read “PHP parameters and parameter groups” below.
  • <parameter_name> is the name of the chosen PHP parameter. Use the same syntax as in php.ini.
  • <value> is the chosen parameter’s desired default value. Use the same syntax as in php.ini.

For example, the default value of the open_basedir parameter is {WEBSPACEROOT}{/}{:}{TMP}{/}. To change it to none, add the following line to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.general.open_basedir.default="none"

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In this example, none is included in the list of predefined values for open_basedir by default. It is possible that the desired default value for a PHP parameter may not be included in the default list of predefined values. In this case, you need to create a custom list of predefined values first.

For example, to change the default value of the execution_time parameter to 180, add the following lines to panel.ini:

[php]
settings.performance.max_execution_time[]=30
settings.performance.max_execution_time[]=60
settings.performance.max_execution_time[]=90
settings.performance.max_execution_time[]=120
settings.performance.max_execution_time[]=180 ; adds 180 to the list of predefined values
settings.performance.max_execution_time.default=180

Forbidding specifying custom values for a PHP parameter

For some PHP parameters, a user can specify a custom value instead of selecting one from the list of predefined values. You can forbid specifying custom values for a PHP parameter by adding a line following the pattern below to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.<parameter_group>.<parameter_name>.custom=false

where

  • <parameter_group> is the group the chosen PHP parameter belongs to. For more information about the groups of PHP parameters, read “PHP parameters and parameter groups” below.
  • <parameter_name> is the name of the chosen PHP parameter. Use the same syntax as in php.ini.

Once you have forbidden specifying a custom value for a PHP parameter, a user can only select values from the list of predefined values.

For example, to forbid specifying a custom value for the error_reporting parameter, add the following line to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.general.error_reporting.custom=false

Customizing PHP-FPM Parameters

To customize PHP parameters that belong to the fpm group, you need to add the following lines to the panel.ini file:

[php]
settings.fpm.pm.start_servers.custom=true
settings.fpm.pm.min_spare_servers.custom=true
settings.fpm.pm.max_spare_servers.custom=true

It is true for any customization of PHP-FPM parameters: determining what predefined values a PHP-FPM parameter can take, changing the default value, or forbidding specifying custom values. You can view the full list of PHP-FPM parameters in the table below, “fpm (Linux only)” parameter group.

For example, to change the default value of the pm.max_children parameter to 20, add the following lines to panel.ini:

[php]
settings.fpm.pm.start_servers.custom=true
settings.fpm.pm.min_spare_servers.custom=true
settings.fpm.pm.max_spare_servers.custom=true
settings.fpm.pm.max_children[]=20
settings.fpm.pm.max_children.default=20

PHP parameters and parameter groups

Here is a list of PHP parameter groups and their corresponding parameters:

PHP parameter group PHP parameter name
performance memory_limit
  max_execution_time
  max_input_time
  post_max_size
  upload_max_filesize
  opcache.enable
  wincache.ocenabled
  apc.enabled
  xcache.cacher
  disable_functions
general safe_mode
  safe_mode_include_dir
  safe_mode_exec_dir
  include_path
  session.save_path
  mail.force_extra_parameters
  register_globals
  open_basedir
  error_reporting
  display_errors
  log_errors
  allow_url_fopen
  file_uploads
  short_open_tag
  magic_quotes_gpc
fpm (Linux only) pm.max_children
  pm.max_requests
  pm
  pm.start_servers
  pm.min_spare_servers
  pm.max_spare_servers
fastCgi (Windows only) maxInstances
  activityTimeout
  requestTimeout
  instanceMaxRequests
  queueLength
  rapidFailsPerMinute